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The Historic Trading Posts and Navajo Culture of Arizona’s Monument Valley

In History, Tourism, Travel
Mart 19, 2024

When it comes to experiencing the rich history and unique culture of the American Southwest, few places compare to Arizona’s Monument Valley. This iconic destination is home to not only stunning natural beauty but also a deep connection to the Navajo people and their historic trading posts. In this article, we will explore the significance of these trading posts and how they have shaped the Navajo culture in Monument Valley.

The Historic Trading Posts

The trading posts in Monument Valley date back to the late 19th century when settlers from the east began establishing relationships with the Navajo people. These trading posts served as a hub for trade, commerce, and cultural exchange between the Navajo and the outside world. Over time, they became vital centers of economic activity and played a crucial role in preserving and promoting Navajo art and craftsmanship.

Hubbell Trading Post

One of the most famous trading posts in Monument Valley is Hubbell Trading Post, established by John Lorenzo Hubbell in 1878. This historic site is still in operation today as a National Historic Site and offers visitors a glimpse into the past through its well-preserved buildings and exhibits. Hubbell Trading Post played a key role in bridging the gap between Navajo artisans and collectors, helping to popularize Navajo rugs, jewelry, and pottery across the country.

Goulding’s Trading Post

Another notable trading post in Monument Valley is Goulding’s Trading Post, founded by Harry Goulding in the 1920s. Goulding’s Trading Post gained fame when Harry and his wife, Leone, convinced filmmaker John Ford to shoot his iconic western movies in Monument Valley. This partnership between Goulding and Ford put Monument Valley on the map and transformed it into a popular tourist destination. Today, Goulding’s Trading Post is a thriving business that offers a variety of Navajo arts and crafts to visitors.

The Influence of Trading Posts on Navajo Culture

The trading posts in Monument Valley have had a profound impact on Navajo culture, influencing everything from art and craftsmanship to economic development and tourism. These trading posts provided a platform for Navajo artisans to showcase their skills and connect with a larger market, helping to preserve traditional art forms and create new opportunities for economic growth.

Navajo Culture in Monument Valley

In addition to the trading posts, Monument Valley is also home to a rich tapestry of Navajo culture that is evident in every aspect of daily life. From traditional ceremonies and rituals to storytelling and music, the Navajo people have deep-rooted traditions that have been passed down through generations. Visitors to Monument Valley can immerse themselves in this vibrant culture by participating in guided tours, attending cultural events, and interacting with local artisans.

Practical Tips for Visiting Monument Valley

  • Make sure to respect Navajo traditions and customs while visiting Monument Valley.
  • Support local artisans by purchasing authentic Navajo arts and crafts from trading posts and galleries.
  • Stay at a traditional Navajo-owned lodge or campground to experience the culture firsthand.
  • Hire a Navajo guide for a more immersive and educational tour of Monument Valley.
  • Check the weather forecast and dress accordingly, as temperatures can vary greatly throughout the day.


    Monument Valley’s historic trading posts and Navajo culture are integral parts of what makes this destination so unique and captivating. By exploring the trading posts and engaging with the local culture, visitors can gain a deeper appreciation for the history and heritage of this iconic region. Whether you’re interested in Native American art, history, or simply breathtaking landscapes, Monument Valley has something to offer everyone. So pack your bags, hit the road, and embark on an unforgettable journey through the heart of Navajo country.